Hardcastle Crags

Hardcastle Crags – a woodland paradise


The National Trust estate of Hardcastle Crags is not to be missed. A woodland paradise in the dramatic steep-sided valley of Hebden Dale, it has miles and miles of footpaths running along by the river and weaving up and down the hillside beneath the dense canopy of trees.

Hardcastle Crags is spectacularly beautiful all year round. In spring the ground is carpeted with bluebells and the woods turn a lush green as the leaves unfurl . In the summer the woods are a great place for a picnic and a paddle. Perch on a rock high above the trees or watch herons fishing and dippers flitting from stone to stone on the banks of Hebden Water.


The narrow gorge-like valley houses a unique ecosystem. The woods are teaming with wildlife, literally so in the case of the Crags’ most famous residents, the giant hairy wood ants who build amazing mound-shaped nests several feet high. Listen out for woodpeckers and tawny owls and keep your eyes peeled for roe deer.



Hardcastle Crags is  internationally famous for its fungi, which sprouts up all over the woods each autumn. In October the beech trees turn a magnificent shade of gold. During the winter, there are gushing waterfalls and, if  the weather turns cold, icicle grottoes on the rocky riverbank cliffs.

Only a mile from Elmet Farmhouse, Hardcastle Crags can be reached on foot via Pecket Well Clough, an ancient stone-paved packhorse trackDuring the school holidays there are children’s activities and events. Find out more at the National Trust website.

Hardcastle Crags awash with bluebells in May


Gibson Mill


Set in the heart of Hardcastle Crags is Gibson Mill, a handsome early 19th century textile mill in an idyllic setting next to a millpond. Built by Abraham Gibson of Greenwood Lee in 1805, it was originally a water-powered cotton spinning mill but a loom shop was added in 1840 and a steam engine was installed in 1852. Remains of various dams, weirs and watercourses can be seen along the river throughout Hardcastle Crags.



One of the first cotton mills in the Upper Calder Valley, Gibson Mill produced fustian cloth (the generic name for corduroy and moleskin) until its closure in the late 1880s. After this it became an entertainment emporium, housing a dance hall, a restaurant and a roller skating ring, with boating on the millpond. Eventually it was transferred to the National Trust along with the rest of the Hardcastle Crags estate.

Although the area was once dominated by the textile industry, Gibson Mill is one of the few early mills to survive, along with Bridge Mill and Nutclough Mill in Hebden Bridge. Restored during the 1990s, it is now a model of green energy powered by its own water turbine and solar panels. Inside is an attractive cafe heated by a large tiled wood-burning stove.  





Changing Seasons at Hardcastle Crags 


Hardcastle Crags on a beautiful spring day in early June



A summer saunter through Hardcastle Crags in July



Crimsworth Walshaw Loop in mid August. A high level hike up on ‘the tops’, starting in neighbouring Crimsworth Dean, climbing up over the heather moorland of Shackleton Knoll before dropping down to Walshaw. Ascending again over Wadsworth Moor to the reservoirs of Walshaw Dean, then looping round to down to Blake Dean above Alcomden Water and back round to Crimsworth via the hilltop meadows above Hardcastle Crags.



Walking  through the heather moorland along Great Edge above Widdop Reservoir beyond  Hardcastle Crags in mid August


Autumn splendour in the adjoining National Trust woodlands of Hardcastle Crags, Crimsworth Dean and Pecket Well Clough, all within easy walking distance of Elmet Farmhouse

© Text and images copyright Lesley Jackson

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